Ernest Newman described the first appearance of this melody (
Nach wilder Schmerzensnacht nun Waldes Morgenpracht) as
a little vignette of the beauty and
solace of uncorrupted nature. Hans von Wolzogen called it, the Rustling of the Forest. It returns with Parsifal in the third act, at
soll ich mich denen jetzt
entwunden wähnen, da dieses Waldesrauschen wieder ich vernehme (bars 290-293). But now all is changed and the rustling of the forest is harmonised with mystic chords.
Verändert denkt mich Alles.
It is a composite of (A), which is also part of the Agony motif and which first appears towards the end of the prelude to the first act, and (B), which might represent Nature. Both appear in the first- act transformation music. Note that this variant of Nature includes the three-note fragment that I have labelled as the Ethical Question motif.